With small energy efficient measures, Telangana state can be an energy surplus state.Here is one case study of LED Lights installation and other is on fixing of capacitors to water motors.
Mallappa was a Municipal Commissioner and retired in the recent past. He worked under Sri.B.Srinivas,Municipal Commissioner, Khammam municipal Corporation as Assistant Commissioner. He has been watching the energy conservation measures taken by his commissioner.
After retirement, he is a happy man.He don’t have any burdens to share.Once ,he visited the house of his ex-municipal commissioner. He had shown the LED lights used in his house to mallappa.Both of them decided to purchase the lights in adequate quantity.
Subsequently, Municipal Commissioner went to the Surya dealer and requested to sell the lights at the least price possible. He did so and Sri.Srinivas purchased 6 numbers 5 Watt bulbs to Sri.Mallappa also.
Subsequently, Sri.Maallappa had installed the LED lights in his house. The following are the electrical accessories used by him in his house:
1 number Refrigerator
6 52 Watt lights
Out of which, 5 number of tubelights were replaced with LED Lights. Earlier, average power bill used to be 1800 Rupees.Now, after installation of the LED lights, the bill had come down to 875 Rupees.The amount spent on the lights were only 1800 Rupees.The return of Investment is in two months.
Thus, Sri.Mallappa had not only saved the energy but also conserved the environment. He become a role model to save energy for poor farmers and unemployed youth.
This experience is worth emulatable.Here, i want to share further. Telangana has been suffering from the deficit of 195 million units of power.Approximately,1000 millions of units are generating per month.out of which 28% (aapproximately) is used for the lighting. Within this about 50% energy can be saved without much effort.The energy saved would be about 140 millions units.Thus,only 45 million units of deficit can be achieved.
We have about 10 millions houses are there in the state of Telangana. Let us leave the shops who can afford the higher tariff.On an average assume the lights per household is 3.The average number of lights present are 30 millions.
Let’s assume the cost of 12 to 15 watts LED Light is 500 Rupees.To change the bulbs to LED, the amount required is 1500 Rupees.Rupees.For changing in all the 10 millions households of Telangana , we require 1500 crore Rupees.We can mobilise 10% cost from the benificiary.10% cost can be retrieved through the tax returns.
Coming to the statistics of thermal energy, we require 7 crore Rupees per each Mega Watts. approximately, more than 1000 watts of power is required to be generated. Thus,7000 crores of Rupees is required. 5000 crore rupees is required for solar energy.
Here, the installation takes a lot of time for solar and thermal energy.Moreover, thermal energy is not eco friendly.
The installation of the LED lights generates a lot of employment. It will also motivate the commercial people to emulate the same. Advertising companies can be asked to replace the Street lighting with LED on PPP method.loans can be given to Smaller municipalities to replace the lights with LED.
There are about 1.90 million Agriculture power connections are existing in telangana state. Almost 50% may not have the capacitors or ininstalled but not in working conditions. 30% energy can be easily saved .Thus,15% power on agricultural connections on present use can be saved.
Suryapet Municipality and Khammam municipal Corporation has saved around the 30% energy after installation of the capacitors to their electric motors.Emotors.Earlier, both the municipalities used to pay about 15 lakhs Rupees as electricity charges for water supply per month.Smonth.Soon after fixing the capacitors, their monthly bill came down to 10 lakh Rupees per month.
All the gysers should be stopped. Those should be replaced with solar water heating systems..They must be available at cheaper prices.
Some industries should be allowed to harness the solar energy.
With all the above initiatives, Telangana will become the state with the surplus power.
However, these initiatives does not come in the way of fighting for the justified share of telangana ,establishing new thermal power plants and solar power plants and also purchasing power from other states,etc.